Century Plant (A Florida Native): Growth and Care Guide

The Century Plant is a Florida native, known scientifically as Agave Americana. This succulent perennial grows in the southern United States to northern Mexico. It requires full sun and thrives on heat and humidity.

The Century Plant has gray-green leaves that are variegated with yellow. This plant can grow up to 6 feet tall. Leaves are lance-shaped with a sharp central spine and serrated margins. Let’s look at how to grow and care for this plant.

What is a Century Plant?

Century Plant

The century plant is a large succulent that is part of the Asparagaceae family. It can grow very large, reaching a height of 6 feet and a width of up to 10 feet. These plants grow well in warmer climates and make a perfect addition to your yard if you live in USDA zones 8 to 11.  This means the century plant doe well anywhere in the South or Southwest in places such as Arizona.

It has a thick flower stalk that’s yellow-green and may reach heights from 12 to 18 feet tall. Flowering starts in June or July, depending on location, and ends in late September or October. Unfortunately, these plants rarely flower and only do so if the conditions are perfect.

Century Plant Florida Care

Century Plant Care

If you are lucky enough to find a young Century Plant for sale, be sure to pot it up in a fast-draining soil mix and place it in a sunny location. As the plant matures, it can be transplanted into the ground.

The century plant is very easy to care for and thrives in various soil types. Once established, it needs very little care. Here are some tips to help you grow and care for a healthy and beautiful Century Plant in Florida:

Watering requirements

Water sparingly when the plant is dormant in winter and more frequently when the plant is growing in the spring and summer. As century plants are succulents, they don’t require much water and can store water in their fleshy leaves. These plants can survive a drought, but it’s best to provide your plant with water every week or two, depending on the climate and season.

Sunlight needs

The Century Plant requires a minimum of 6 hours of sunlight a day and likes to grow in the full sun. If you live in a warm area with longer summers, the plant will thrive. It can also be grown in partial shade.


This succulent is an excellent choice for landscaping in regions where the temperature remains above freezing year-round. The century plant can tolerate temperatures above 20 degrees Fahrenheit but should be grown in warmer climates.


The Century Plant grows best in well-drained soils that are slightly sandy with a pH of 6.0 to 7.5. It is drought tolerant but will not tolerate wet feet. If the water isn’t able to drain away, or if you’re overwatering your plant, it may suffer from root rot.


The century plant will get all the nutrients it requires from the soil and doesn’t need to be fertilized.


The Century Plant is a beautiful addition to any garden and will bring years of pleasure in Florida or anywhere in the USDA climate zones of 8-11. It is also deer resistant. Be sure to give it plenty of sun and water when needed, and fertilize in the spring and summer. It is a hardy plant that will thrive in the hot Florida climate.

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