When to Plant Garlic in Kansas: A Growers guide

Garlic is a popular and versatile ingredient in many cuisines around the world. It has been used for centuries as an aromatic flavor enhancer, and its wide range of health benefits including antibacterial, antiviral, antifungal, and anti-inflammatory properties. Whether you are growing garlic for yourself, to share with family and friends, or to sell at a farmers market, knowing when to plant garlic in Kansas is essential for success. 

Depending on the variety of garlic you’re growing, you may want to plant your crop early in the spring so that your crop can take advantage of the warm summer months or later in the fall to ensure that your garlic will be ready to harvest before the winter chill sets in.

When to plant garlic in Kansas?

When to Plant Garlic in Kansas

Kansas has a moderate climate that is characterized by warm summers and cold winters. The state generally experiences average temperatures of between 40 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit but can reach colder or warmer extremes. As a result, it is crucial to consider the climate when selecting planting times for garlic in Kansas.

Garlic should be planted in the fall between early September and November, as it’s a cool season crop. It’s best to plant your garlic when the soil temperature is still relatively warm. If possible, wait until after Labor Day to plant garlic in Kansas.

Doing this allows the bulbs time to establish roots and build up a good amount of energy before winter sets in. During this time, you should also mulch the garlic with straw or grass clippings to help protect it from cold winter temperatures. 

Is spring planting possible?

When to Plant Garlic in Kansas

Garlic typically does best in Kansas if planted in the early fall and harvested in mid-summer of the following year. Since Kansas is often quite hot during the summer months, planting garlic too late can lead to bulbs that are undersized or split open prematurely due to heat stress. 

There are two types of garlic: hard neck and soft neck garlic. Hardneck garlic is a cool season crop that can be planted in the fall in Kansas, while softneck garlic should be planted in the spring. 

However, due to the climate in Kansa, hard neck garlic varieties grow best. Soft neck garlic grows in warmer climates such as California and won’t do as well in Kansas. 

Other things to consider

In addition to planting at the right time, you should also consider soil fertility when growing garlic in Kansas. Garlic needs well-draining soil with plenty of organic matter and a pH between 6.2 and 7.0 for optimal growth. 

While you can plant garlic bulbs that you buy from the grocery store, it’s best to purchase stock garlic from your local gardening center. The garlic bulbs should be planted approximately 6 inches apart at a depth of 4 inches. 


By understanding when and how to plant garlic in Kansas, you can ensure that you get a good harvest of healthy bulbs. With proper planting timing, adequate fertility, and protection from cold temperatures, you can be sure that your garlic plants will produce the best possible crop.