Mushrooms are strange, fascinating types of fungi. They can be found all over the world in a variety of shapes, sizes, and colors. Though they may seem simple, a lot goes into their life cycle. How long does it take for mushrooms to grow? What conditions do they need to thrive? Let’s take a closer look.
How Long Does it Take for Mushrooms to Grow?
Mushrooms are unique in that they don’t have a stem or leaves. Their fruiting body, the part we see and eat, is actually the reproductive organ of the mushroom. The mycelium, the root-like structure of the mushroom, grows underground or in other hidden places.
The name “mushroom” comes from the word “mousseron,” which means “fungus” in French. Mushrooms vary significantly in color, shape, size, and flavor depending on where they grow and what type they are. The two main categories of edible mushrooms are cultivated (grown by humans) or wild (found growing naturally). Cultivated mushrooms include white button mushrooms, portobello mushrooms, and shiitake mushrooms. Wild mushrooms include chanterelles, morels, and porcini.
Stage of a mushrooms life cycle
Mushrooms go through different stages during their life cycle, and each stage requires different conditions to thrive. The four main stages are the spawn, growth, pinning, and fruiting stages.
SPAWN STAGE: This is when the mushroom’s mycelium is growing. The ideal conditions for this stage include high humidity levels and a warm temperature.
GROWTH STAGE: After the spawn stage, the mycelium will start to grow and form mushrooms. In this stage, the mushrooms need a lot of moisture and fresh air.
PINNING STAGE: As soon as the mushrooms grow, they will enter the pinning stage. In this stage, the mushrooms will start to form tiny buds called pins. These buds will require a dark, humid place with a cool temperature for them to continue to grow.
FRUITING STAGE: The fruiting stage is the final stage of the mushroom’s life cycle. In this stage, the mushrooms will mature and will start to produce spores. They will need a lot of fresh air and light and can be harvested once they reach their full size.
How Long Does it Take for Mushrooms to Grow?
Mushrooms grow very quickly under the right conditions. Depending on the type of mushroom, some grow faster than others. On average, it takes about 7-14 days for a mushroom to reach its grown size.
It’s important to note that the life cycle of a mushroom is very sensitive and can be easily disrupted. Factors such as temperature, humidity, light, and air circulation all play a role in how quickly a mushroom will grow.
Here are four types of mushrooms and how long it takes for them to grow:
1) White Button Mushroom
This is the most common type of mushroom in the world. It has a white cap and smooth flesh and is found in grocery stores across the globe. White button mushrooms are cultivated on a large scale and can be grown quickly indoors. Under the right conditions, white button mushrooms can grow in as little as five days.
Under the wrong conditions, however, white button mushrooms can take up to two weeks to grow. The temperature and humidity levels must be just right for them to flourish.
2) Portobello Mushroom
This is a large, flat mushroom that has a dark brown cap. Portobello mushrooms are cultivated from white button mushrooms and have a more intense flavor than their smaller counterparts. They are often used in dishes like burgers and sandwiches and can be grilled or broiled.
Portobello mushrooms take about two weeks to grow. They need a warm environment with high humidity levels and plenty of fresh air.
3) Shiitake Mushroom
This mushroom is native to East Asia and has a dark brown cap and a light brown stalk. Shiitake mushrooms are one of the most popular types of edible mushrooms globally and have a rich, earthy flavor. They are often used in dishes like stir-frys and soups.
They flourish in warm, moist environments and can take anytime between 1-2 weeks to grow.
This mushroom is a wild variety and has a golden-orange cap. Chanterelles are found in North America, Europe, and Asia and have a fruity flavor that is often described as apricot or peach. They are used in dishes like omelets and salads.
Chanterelles grow quickly and can mature within a week. They need a cool, moist environment to thrive.
How Long Does it Take for Mushrooms to Grow? : Final Thoughts
Mushrooms are a delicious and versatile food that can be enjoyed in many different ways. Understanding their life cycle is the key to growing them successfully at home. Keep in mind that the life cycle of a mushroom is delicate and can be easily disrupted. Make sure to keep an eye on the temperature, humidity, and light levels in your growing area to ensure that your mushrooms grow properly. While you have to get those elements right, mushrooms can even grow in poop. This is disgusting, but just goes to show you that you can’t keep a good mushroom down!